A Guide to Poker Terms You Should Know


Poker is an exciting game that offers a window onto the human mind. It’s also a game that can be a test of luck and a challenge to your skills as a player.

Whether you’re new to the game or a seasoned pro, there are some terms you should know to play your best. Having a comprehensive list of terminology is important so you can understand what’s going on at the table, especially when it comes to raising and calling.


An ante is an initial forced bet that everyone must contribute before the cards are dealt and betting begins. It is typically a small amount that gives the pot some value before the cards are dealt.

Betting rounds

The hand proceeds in three betting rounds, beginning with a five-card flop. In each round players are allowed to bet or fold their cards before the dealer reveals the fifth card, which is called the river. If a player is still in the hand at this point, the cards are exposed and the player with the highest-ranked hand wins the pot.


When playing a low-stakes game, it is important to make smart calls on the flop. You want to bet enough that you can see the flop, but not so much that someone will fold after seeing it. This will help you reduce the number of players that you have to compete with, and increase your odds of catching a good card on the flop.


Occasionally, you’ll want to bluff in order to improve your hand. This is usually done by checking or betting weakly with a strong holding, or by attempting to induce other players with weaker hands to call or raise their bet instead of folding.

It is important to remember that in poker, each decision has an optimal outcome based on your opponent’s reaction, the exposure of their cards and the pattern of their betting earlier in the hand. Sometimes this is a matter of simply making the right decision with your cards and other times it is a matter of anticipating how your opponent will react, which is a tough art to master.


The flop is the first card dealt to each player and it can dramatically change their hand. It can give you a big edge or a huge disadvantage depending on your strategy. It could make your draw look like a pair or it might even kill you with a straight or flush.

If you’re holding a weak hand, the flop is your worst enemy. If you have pocket Jacks or Queens, for example, and the flop comes up J-J-5, you’re now a big underdog. This is especially true if your opponent has an A or K, as they’re now a huge favorite to hit their straight or flush with any other card that comes up.

However, if you have a strong hand and don’t think the flop will improve it, you may be able to fold and keep your money. It’s a tough choice, but it’s the best way to maximize your potential and minimize your risk.